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The Fabulous Indian Cotton

“The History of cotton and of textiles is not only the history of the growth of the modern industry in India but in a sense, it might be considered the history of India during the past few millenia.”

In his Naturalis Historia, Pliny, the Roman historian of the 1st century AD, complained that India is draining Rome of her gold. The reason was Indian cotton. The trade hegemony between India and Rome was so strong that Indian textiles were traded for Roman gold and statistics calculates the value of imports of Indian fabrics to Rome at a hundred million sesterces which was equal at the time to 15 million Indian rupees every year. Thus from ancient times, India had an upper hand in the trade of Indian cotton. 

indian roman trade

A 20 percent share of the country’s total industrial output belongs to India’s textile industry, which is the largest and oldest in the country in terms of its strength exclusively based on cotton. Additionally, cotton exports contribute to the country’s foreign exchange earnings by supplying raw cotton, intermediate products, such as yarn and fabrics, and final finished products, such as garments, socks, and knitwear.

 At 18% of the global total, India is the world’s largest producer of cotton. It also has the largest area under cotton cultivation in the world, representing about 25% of the world’s area under cultivation.

The Indian cotton industry has run continuously for five thousand years and significant evidence can be found in the ruins of the Harappan civilization Indian cotton weavers have supplied fabric from the first century of the Christian era. The quality of the Indian cotton fabric was so impeccable that as described in his diary of 851 AD, Suleiman, an Arab merchant, visited Calicut says…garments are made in so extraordinary a manner that nowhere else are the like to be seen. These garments are weaved to that degree of fineness that they may be drawn through a ring of middling size.”. It is no doubt that in quantity and quality Indian cotton industry was unrivaled.

 India’s fabled wealth came from the textile industry, which traded cotton cloth for gold and silver. Exports of cotton textiles were built on the basis of domestic industry, so cotton was grown and cloth woven for use by the country’s weaving regions as well as for export, each producing its own distinctive product. Indian cotton fabric and ts types were used in relation to the class structure prevalent in the society at the time. The common people used ordinary home-spun. Fine textiles were reserved and worn exclusively by the nobility. According to descriptions of early European travelers and sketches by European artists, the rich dressed in fine clothing, the finer the more expensive, while the common people wore crude cloth undyed in the sun.

The reason why cotton is so popular is simple. It controls moisture and provides comfort. It does not provoke any allergic reaction, making it an option for all. Its durable nature makes it an option for all weather conditions and is indeed a piece to style with. Unlike synthetics, Cotton is naturally absorbent and doesn’t show perspiration, and makes your skin sticky. The ease of washing and caring for cotton makes it easier to save money on dry cleaning. So let your washing machine do the heavy work and enjoy your savings on dry cleaning. 

Organic cotton garments are indeed the best option in the Indian climate that we are living in. It is not only a product of our culture but also something that is healthy and very durable. for shopping for the best Organic cotton garments.  

Visit kreatmaster at for such amazing Cotton creations from Indian artists. 

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